How to Start a Vegetable Garden
Starting a Vegetable Garden isn't as hard as you might think. These tips help you plan what to grow, how much to grow, and where to grow it.
It always feels good when you can have fresh farm produce such as vegetables close to you. Some opt to go to the grocery store while others setup gardens in their homes. A garden will always offer you the convenience and quality vegetables that you have grown yourself.
Are you looking to start a vegetable garden? If you are new to the whole process, do not worry as we will help you get started. Below are some of the steps you have to take on how to start a vegetable garden.
Choosing the Right Location
The first thing you always have to keep in mind is the location. Without a proper location, you might not end up with the best harvest you have always wanted.
Vegetables love to get enough sunlight. As a result, the location needs to offer at least 6 hours of sunlight each day. Whenever the veggies receive more sunlight, then you can expect to end up with a greater harvest and better taste from your produce.
Also, the soil should be rich in nutrients. This helps in providing all the crucial nutrients the plants need to grow well. Still having a proper drainage at the location is important.
Picking the Right Garden Size
A common mistake a beginner would do is having the wrong garden size. Some might opt for a large garden only to have problems managing it. Well, on overall a vegetable garden of 16x10 feet should be sufficient. The space is easier to manage and enough to provide food for up to a family of four.
Planning Your Garden and Garden Type
You have to plan the garden in terms of what you will plant in it and how you would do so. In most cases, you will be planting several types of vegetables in the same garden. Instead of mixing them, you can subdivide the garden into blocks. This will allow for easy management and proper growth of the veggies.
The use of raised beds is common. They can be good for vegetables, but they tend to lose water faster. Nevertheless, with daily watering this should not be a problem. Always research more about the type of vegetables you want to plant to understand their space needs. This helps to plan for them adequately.
Buy the Basic Gardening Tools
Working in your garden will require that you have some basic gardening tools. Some of these tools include garden hoe, leaf rake, scuffle hoe, hand tools, dirt rake, garden shovel and more. Visiting your local hardware store will help you get more tools that might be needed for your garden.
You should stay away from the cheap plastic tools. This is because they are likely to break and you get no value for money from them. Also, get the right tool size so that there is a reduction in cases of injury.
Take the Soil for Testing First
Still as part of setting up a vegetable garden, you have to consider testing the soil first. The results from the test will help you understand what kind of vegetables you can grow.
It is common to find that the soil might be acidic, alkaline, or have a neutral pH. While other soil types might be too sandy or rocky. For most garden crops, they would thrive better for a neutral PH soil. That being said, there are those that can grow better in slightly acidic or alkaline soil.
Seed manufacturers would offer their seeds with a recommended soil type to use. Once you have your results, you should now be able to make up your mind.
Picking the Best Vegetables for the Garden
This is the most important step you have to consider. You have to now pick the right vegetable varieties to grow. Know when to plant these vegetables. Some vegetables require specific temperatures to grow better and the same for harvesting.
Visiting your nearest garden store can help a lot when it comes to deciding more about the vegetables. The store operator should be able to explain more on the seeds and where best to use them.
You also have to look at how much you need to plant. The good thing about vegetables is that you can get a lot of farm produce with just planting a few seeds. So, as a beginner, you do not have to get overexcited and planting too many seeds or seedlings.
Well, you could also talk to your family to understand what they would want to eat. It is always good to have everyone’s thought first so that they can later on all enjoy eating vegetables.
With your garden already setup, it is now time to start planting. You will get the plants in two forms either seeds or seedlings. The seed and transplant containers will have the basic instruction on how to plant them. This might slightly vary depending on the type of vegetable.
You always have to make sure to use proper spacing and depth as recommended by the manufacturers. Sticking to these dimensions will help to give your vegetables enough space to thrive better. Remember that with congested seedlings, growth will not be great.
Nurturing the Garden
With the vegetables now in the garden, you have to nurture them until it is harvest time. This includes maintenance such as removing weeds that might grow, adding fertilizers, watering, pruning, and more.
When it comes to watering, you would want to do it in moderation. Overwatering the plants is just as bad, especially if you have a garden with soil that easily gets waterlogged.
By now, all you have to do is to wait for harvest time. Of course the maintenance will have to continue over time but just make sure you monitor the plants over the weeks. As you can see, starting a garden should not have to be rocket science as it is simple.
You will always be able to enjoy the fresh vegetables just from your backyard. No more taking trips to the grocery store when you can have your own vegetable garden.
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